Electric Vehicles

Multi-Unit Dwelling

If you want to drive an electric vehicle (EV) and live in a multi-family dwelling such as an apartment, townhouse, or condominium, you may wish to install EV charging equipment in a common area. To do so, you will need to work with the property association and/or management. If you are renting, you likely will also need to consult the unit owner. Consider the following steps:

Step 1: Understand Your Options and Electrical Requirements

Contact your property association and/or management to discuss installation of a charger, ownership of equipment, how payment will be handled, and how common area elements may be affected (if at all).

Some questions to initially consider:

  • How many present or prospective EV owners live in the building?
  • What is the best charging system? What level of charger and how many charge spots will be useful at present and in the future?
  • Who will own and maintain the charger(s)?
  • Who will select and hire the necessary licensed contractor(s) to perform the work?
  • Who will pay for the installation of the charger(s) and any required electrical upgrades?
  • Who will pay for the electricity used to charge the EV(s) and how will payments be made?
  • What will happen if the owner of the EV moves out or ceases to own an EV?
  • What are the terms and conditions for the removal of resident-owned charger(s)?
  • Where will the charger(s) be located?
  • What, if any, common area elements are affected and how?
  • What, if any, parts of the owners association governing documents pertain to this installation?

Some other things to consider:

  • Installation costs are generally more expensive the further the charge station is from the electrical service panel.
  • Installing electrical wiring through walls or underground will increase costs.
  • Purchasing and installing faster Level 2 charging is generally more expensive than Level 1.

There are three basic options for EV charging ownership.

  • Individually owned and used by tenant
    Under this option, the tenant works with the property owner to understand the restrictions of how a charging station may be installed and how electricity may be billed. The tenant may use the building's electric service, or be billed by Hawaiian Electric.
  • Shared charging station owner by the property owner(s)
    Under this option, the shared charging station, for tenant use, is owned by the property owner. The property owner may set a fee for use. The property manager may connect the charging station to an existing service panel, a new service panel, or a under a new electric service.
  • Shared charging station owned by a third party
    Some third party EV charging companies may provide, install, and/or operate a charging station. Under this option, the EV charging company will reach an agreement with the property owner. Often, the EV charging company will bill the EV drivers for use and reimburse the property manager for the cost of electricity.

Understanding the electrical requirements and costs, especially for a large building, may require the assistance of an electrical design consultant. A licensed contractor will also be required to perform the necessary electrical and structural work for installing the charging station(s). It's a good idea to get cost estimates or bids from several different consultants and contractors. If electrical service upgrades are required, the selected contractor will work with the Hawaiian Electric Companies on upgrade options, as well as, the City & County on obtaining required permits.

Step 2: Select a Rate or Make Payment Arrangements

Several electric rate options may be considered for multi-family dwellings. If you wish to participate in one of Hawaiian Electric's rates, please notify your property association and/or management, your chosen electrical contractor, and Hawaiian Electric during the planning process.

To select a rate or determine a payment arrangement that best fits your living situation, consider the following scenarios:

SCENARIO 1: Tenant owned charging station

If you will own the charging station and elect to be billed for electricity by Hawaiian Electric:

SCENARIO 2: The property owner or manager /apartment association installs and owns the EV charger

Metered under existing service
A licensed electrician and permits may be required for installation of the charger behind a common-areas meter. There is no need for new rate enrollment if the charging station is installed behind an existing meter. Residents may start using the charger once installation is complete. The property owner/association may assess a fee for using the EV charger.

Schedule EV F
This commercial rate may help lower the building's overall electric cost if the association is installing several charging stations or trying to manage overall power demand. Property managers inquiring about Schedule EV-F may 808-871-9777 (GoEV) or email GoEV@mauielectric.com.

Residential: Getting started

Step 1: Understand your rate options > Lanai, Maui, Molokai
Step 2: Understand the enrollment process > Residential-Family Dwelling or Multi-Unit Dwelling

Commercial: Getting started

Step 1: Understand your rate options > Lanai, Maui, Molokai
Step 2: Understand the enrollment process > Commercial Facility
Step 3: Submit an enrollment form > Form